My Final Opinions on This Project

This short post it dedicated to reflecting upon the things I did right , and of course the things that I should make a conscious  effort never to do again. In regards to the overall project I am sincerely glad that I finished it , but  as I reflect on my research it is by no means my Magnum opus. With that being said , my main problem with this project was just keeping everything together,  all my ideas and points that I wanted to make. In addition to this I really wanted to try doing an interactive video game through Twine , but I just did not want to commit a lot of time to it. I suppose to this is due to my  overall impatience with story telling games.  Also  I think my research could have been better presented to my audience if I  had chosen to explain the digital divide in greater detail. The digital divide in short is the widening space between those who have access to technology and others who do not. As far as answering the  why does this matter concept , my research was established to inform my audience about the impacts of the digital divide on academic success. Lastly , I think my project was okay , but along the lines of being creative it was lacking. In conclusion , my research project on the impacts the digital divide on social networks reflects upon the use of interactive environments , informal learning experiences , and access to technology.

Bridging the Digital Divide In Oder to Cross Over to the Other Side

According to there are approximately  3 billion internet users within the world. Furthermore, these 3 billion  internet users make up about half of our population.

These internet users  possess  accounts on Instagram  , Facebook , Twitter  and possibility   a small few may even   possess a  MySpace page, but does this constitute , a divide. Is anyone really divided anymore, maybe for a minute I will take off my rose-colored glasses in order to  think. Does racism still exist, it would appear very much so. Are women still making considerably less than men, indeed it has been proven. However , in the midst of these questions I do understand that we have an African American president , and possibly may have our first women president soon. It appears to me that  there exists some transparency in regards to the increasing need to promote awareness of social issues that face our individual environments. In regards to needing to know , understand , observe , see and make instant judgements, this has long been the established practice for the survival of all human beings. All of these feelings frequent the network in order to establish a set of effects on its users. For example , some people use social networks for the promotion of self-awareness , while others may use it in order to increase their self – esteem. The intent of networks vary by the needs of  its user.

Here are some examples from Twitter on various issues surrounding current events in Michigan , Climate control, and racism.


Bacon – 1, Lettuce – 0. In your face, Lettuce! Fight climate change by eating bacon! 

77 retweets 55 likes

Detroit teachers shut down 3 schools in ‘sick-out’ protest against state control Freedom Daily@Freedom_Daily Nov 21

Only in Liberal Controlled Cities Such as Detroit Do Teachers Go Unpaid … #tcot #pjnet

Majin Buu@a_SKY_walker Nov 18


Students fighting teachers in Detroit.0 retweets 0 likes

Ken L. Harris@kharris1911 Dec 1


Detroit teachers shut down 3 schools in ‘sick-out’ protest against state control 

1 retweet 1 like

Bob Morgenstern@MorgyWV Nov 27 Manhattan, NY

Low salaries, harmful ed reform initiatives driving Detroit teachers to leave  @AFTunion @rweingarten @DFT231


Margaret Cho Verified account @margaretcho Dec 14


We’ve tried to shame racism out of existence but I guess some people really don’t care. They’re shameless but NOT BLAMELESS.

negative netty@Namastaywoke Dec 11

Black men don’t recognize that for black women racism and sexism go hand in hand. They aren’t mutually exclusive for us.

Top news story

Carmac@TheCarmac 12h12 hours ago

Not hyperbole – Mitch Snyder poisons children, on purpose, and lies about it.


ABC News Verified account @ABC Dec 15

Flint, Michigan issues state of emergency after threat of lead poisoning in children: 



Although all of these issues possess some relevant , there is a difference in presentation , especially in regards to comparing  personal accounts and professional reporting.

Source for Final Project

Since I have changed my final project from internet trolling to social connectivity theory  , it is my scholarly obligation to present my sources within this post. As a disclaimer to all those who read my post I would like to elaborate on the many reasons why I choose a different topic , but to make this short and sweet , my first topic was to broad. Consequently the more that I  began to narrow down my topic  ,  I then proceeded  to direct my intentions to  researching network connectivity in terms  of  analyzing the digital divide. Therefore coming  up with the idea about social connectivity and its effect on infrastructures.

For example ,the article titled The Digital Identity Divide How Technology Knowledge Impacts College Students, written by Joanne Goode is utilized within this research project in order to establish a textual correlation between successful students and informal technology experience.  In addition to this information , I will also provide some statistical information from the United States Census on technology use. Focusing on Goode’s article will also require elaboration on methods used within interactive learning environments such as public computer terminals , online tutors , and synchronous web conferencing. Indeed , it is through these technology enhanced learning spaces that students embrace network connectivity to its fullest.

Goode, Joanne. New Media & Society May 2010 vol. 12 no. 3 497-513 .

The next article that is utilized for this research project is titled , Why Don’t Men Ever Stop to Ask For Directions? Gender , Social Influence, and Their Role In Technology Acceptance and Usage  Behavior , written by Venkatatesh Viswanath. This article establishes counter argumentation in regards to a  proposed gender difference within  the application of technology. Furthermore this research establishes an alternate  perspective from the original ubiquitous nature of  digital environments. In particular , this research presents  argumentation in regards to how the ease of  use are perceived by both male and females. More over , by examining these difference this research gathers supporting evidence establishing  the existence of  mass areas of influences with in the digital divide.

Venkatesh, Viswanath, and Michael G. Morris. “Why Don’t Men Ever Stop to Ask for Directions? Gender, Social Influence, and Their Role in Technology Acceptance and Usage Behavior”. MIS Quarterly 24.1 (2000): 115–139. Web



Phase 2: Believing In the Opportunities and Constraints of Technology Use

“When you see a worthy person, endeavor to emulate him. When you see an unworthy person, then examine your inner self “. – Confucius

At times even the most academically inclined  student  can question their abilities to succeed  within the world of  academia. Therefore , even the students who are not as attentive during  class , still face the same pressures as their cohorts within the  theoretical framework of the  technology usage. It is through this aspect  that classwork  effects students who are more inclined   to understanding how to use technology in order to complete their assignments.

In the research article titled Why Don’t Men Ever Stop to Ask For Directions ? Gender ,Social Influence, and Their Role in Technology Acceptance and Usage Behavior , written by Venkatesh Viswanat, analyzes the digital divide in terms of gendered preferences  towards learning new technologies.  Indeed, Viswanat’s research takes an alternative view from the earlier theories towards racially based inequalities  that presents itself within the digital divide. Furthermore , Viswanat’s research establishes how  gender differences are perceived through observed behaviors within a controlled environment.” Perceived ease of use has been shown to have an effect on intention,acceptance, adoption and usage ” for both male and female participants(118). These studies continue to  demonstrate each individuals ability whether male or female to become inclined to view work as purposefully when presented with a challenge.” The direct effect suggests that perceived ease of use could be a potential catalyst to increasing the likelihood of user acceptance”(118). Furthermore , this research ” examines gender differences in subjective norm,” in order to ” understand the degree to which women/men can be influenced”(119). In regards to the digital divide it is important  to understand the limitation of  both racial and gendered studies in its overall appearance of linear projections. Especially in terms of   the increasing frequency of individuals accessing technology within the United States of America.




I Am Rubber and You Are Glue – Analyzing Academic Concentration In regards to the Digital Divide

Reading these post will surely be a reflection  of my indecisive behaviors toward writing assignments.  At one point of my academic life I even thought that my short attention span was due to , perhaps a diagnosed form of ADD. That’s when I realized the best thing for me to do , the more productive thing that is , was to look it up or  “google it” online. This colloquial term, GOOGLE IT , then I thought what if I didn’t have a computer at home , or for that matter any electronic devices at home. The convenience would altogether disappear , and like that  I am back to the traditional ways of man, searching for books about behavioral health , and minor addictions  at my local library,  or even going to see a doctor  (which I have an extreme dislike for, but that is another project in and of its self).  Soon I realize that the problem was not a disease , rather a lack of concentration in regards to this particular writing assignment. Because I know that if I can spend an entire weekend watching all the seasons of Game of Thrones , and Walking Dead , than I can just as easily spend time writing a research paper that makes sense. The  revered golden term paper  , which I search for every semester ,  seeking out its  manifestation of  academic glory within its pages of  the brilliance  that illuminates the deep crevices of my creative mind.

Which brings me to the topic of this post that will be connected to many other posts under the titles of the Digital Divide. It is in these interactive communities based within college campuses, that  students learn to become apart of a discourse community. This membership , allows for them to both enhances their learning experience while also producing successful outcomes.  Other than student to student interactions , there is the point of  contact between teachers and students. Furthermore , these experience shape the learning outcomes of the course , while also providing a basis  of learning for the  students.


Phase 1: Understanding the Divide – Self Realization of Technology Skills

The first time that I created a report during my freshman year in college ,I had absolutely no idea how to correctly  access the web in order  to do my school work. I was used to doing it the old fashion way,  going to the library ,actually checking out a book , and reading it for information. Personally , I do not miss the days of late fees and long lines ,  in exchange for doing work from the comforts of my own room. I can research , read, and type a report without even leaving the house. In some ways having access to all this technology has made me become , dare I say , a little too relaxed. It has also made me realize the importance of having relevant  technology skills once I graduate from Wayne State University  ,which thankfully will be very soon.  When I initially started this project it was all about anti social behaviors and trying to quench my general curiosity in terms of internet trolls. However , after cruising  a few social forums , I quickly realized that trolls were not  strong   in numbers. Furthermore  , after listening to a couple of  audio clips I began to understand, that there was a deeper value in being connected to the internet than just reading a couple of bad comments. For example ,  the ability to access a  web news article , or conduct research online. Although  every student is reasonable for their own academic success , some possess greater informal experiences , thereby leading to an increased understanding of certain technology concepts.  Form my experience as a college student I soon understood how important skills like word processing, electronic presentations, and online critical thinking was to my overall success. As I transition from network connectivity into the impacts of the digital divide , this research project will begin to analyze the importance of self-efficacy.


The Digital Divide: A Research Report about the Growing Inequality Among Colleges Students.

In the article titled “The Digital Identity Divide: How Technology Knowledge Impacts College Students” written by Joanne Goode , it is important for today’s internet users to understand concept of “technology identity “as it relates to accurate measurement of the digital divide among college level students. Goode argues that “knowing how to utilize the technological ecosystem of university life is certainly critical for academic success” (Goode, 498). Therefore, students that possess more technological knowledge succeed within these academics climates due to experience, thereby gaining levels of increasing mastery. Whereas students with no prior technical knowledge consequently struggle maintaining  course workload,  while also becoming  extremely disadvantaged in terms of accessing this knowledge. Even though focusing on the inequalities of higher learning institutions in regards to technology overlooks the social effects which result from the digital divide, it is important to understand its impacts on higher education .Being that individuals that possesses informal learning experiences through technology based sources succeed over those who do not have exposure , because  at the collegiate level users become interactive within exclusive discourse communities that support established  infrastructures available to  information rich students.

Indeed  all students  according to Goode  whether “information-rich” or ” information-poor” choose their  ” technology identities through  learned experiences. Therefore , when discussing the role of  a teacher  within a classroom setting  one must consider the importance of  technology available in the classroom.  More over , consideration  is also placed upon  the  relevancy of  taught technological  expected  for students to carry over into their  home environments.  When considering  the overwhelming role of the  College professor  within these technology enhanced learning spaces whether coordinating a  semester schedule  or emailing each student , information-richness is required. I am sure that , in this regard Professors spend a lot of planning and thought into requirements of the course , and the proposed learning outcomes. However, there are many circumstances where students may miss the intended mark , thus not gaining the essential concepts setup within  the  course. In particular , there is a big difference when it comes to students that have early access to technology , than those that enter late into these learned technology environments.

They find themselves aggregated into a course , by which they may have no prior knowledge or inclination , in order to fulfill their class schedule.  When considering the margins of this digital divide , one can become unknowingly  unprepared  but also optimistic about learning something new. Depending upon the level of exposure to information –rich sources this student may not know how to access the technology that would help them better understand the course material. Lastly , the question that goes deeper into the concept of the impact of the digital divide on college students , is  to consider  the academic success of students . As Goode explains there exists students at the  known first level, that posses the ability to  use technology,  but  are easily distracted by  social networking  use,  rather than gaining relevant information for the course.

“technology identity represents a blend of four areas of an individual’s belief system: beliefs about one’s technology skills, beliefs about opportunities and constraints to use technology, beliefs about the importance of technology, and beliefs about one’s own motivation to learn more about technology “(498). Goode


Beliefs About One’s Own Motivation to Learn More About Technology

Although this video does not completely address the digital divide , especially in regards to motivating ones self  to honing  technology  as a craft ,I absolutely  love Will Ferrell and Jimmy Fallon in this skit. In regards to the blog post title , I will be discussing one of the four models of  Joanne Goode’s technical identity  theory  which shapes  individuality in regards to seeking information on the web. Just as I learned how to attach this hilariously funny  YouTube clip within my post , makes Goode’s argumentation for productivity within  internet  self-efficacy a valid one.

 Internet self-efficacy, or the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute courses of Internet actions required to produce given attainments, is a potentially important factor in efforts to close the digital divide that separates experienced Internet users from novices Prior research on Internet self-efficacy has been limited to examining specific task performance and narrow behavioral domains rather than overall attainments in relation to general Internet use, and has not yielded evidence of reliability and construct validity,


For example the article titled , Internet Self-Efficacy and the Psychology of the Digital Divide written by Matthew S. Eastin, and Robert LaRose, argues that by using self-efficacy  in terms of internet use , one can began to bridge the digital divide.  Easton and LaRose explain that ” the digital divide has been conceptualizes primarily in terms of patterns of a race and class discrimination that are reflected in unequal access to computers and internet”.  The American Community  Census Report  illustrates data  within its report to establish the disparity  between the number of individuals that possess internet access within their home, with those that do not. According to collected 2013 data 86% of Whites living alone , that are non-Hispanics have access to a computer within their home. In comparison , 72 % of Blacks , that are non-Hispanic , and lives alone posses access to a computer with internet service within their home. Ideally , through the decreasing costs of  personal computer and internet services many households are gaining more access to technology.  In particular  studies should be directed towards internet use in regards to  levels of  technology knowledge.




My Final Research Project –

This is my first post for my research blog on internet trolling. After  successfully gaining some insightful  tips during my meeting with Scott Richmond , in combination with  some much-needed direction ,  I was able to harness my scholarly energy . More specifically, with this gained knowledge I was able to begin some light research using suggested case samples of internet trolling.  After identifying my research topic I than proceeded onward  to some superficial internet searching on 4CHAN. After this method I than decided to google the term trolling. Soon I   realized that in its most nascent form; trolling is at best just really bad manners.

This essentially is my   approximation after listening to the podcast episode of   This American Life titled If You Don’t Have Anything Nice to Say, Say it. For this podcast, blogger Lindy West presents her personal experiences with trolling. In particular, she comments on a troll that sends a slew of antagonizing tweets under the identity of her recently deceased father. Although, West admits that the best course of action was to dismiss these comments by of course, fervently ignoring them. She soon questions this  silence , and decides that this course of non-action is actually hindering her  situation. Primarily, she begins to question the validity of the troll’s methods and soon sets out to contact this person (  i.e -troll). After  some successful questioning ,the troll suggests that causation for this madness is his personal retaliation towards her outward projection of happiness.

In particular, West’s reaction is plausible and indeed a harsh reality that   discord thrives within the network. Additionally, when considering trolling in its entirety, from a distance it could be identified as something impersonal, and superficial.  However , within the personal  documentation of this gradual dissension it is understood that this  particular troll   is different.  That is  if indeed the actual person who made the comment  is the troll. However , at its worst this could be an anonymous person who is pretending to be the troll in hopes of gaining some form of  notoriety. Furthermore, this passive aggressive behavior, essentially utilizes anonymity as a way to   deconstruct identity  by purposefully projecting it. Which leads me to my final question – how does online anonymity  allow individuals to dissociate themselves  from the contexts of morality?